79th Annual Report
1st JULY 1961 TO 30th JUNE 1962
Two outstanding Socialists died during the year, both of them Fabians
— R. H. Tawney and Hugh Dalton. No record of the year could be
complete without a tribute to their memory.
During the year, circumstances conspired to remind the wider public
of the contributions made by Fabian Socialism to Britain and the world
outside. Margaret Cole's much praised Story of Fabian Socialism met
the great need for an accurate and up-to-date history. It was noticed in
almost every newspaper worthy of the name, and has been particularly
helpful in meeting the steady stream of inquiries from research students
who write to, or call in at, the Society's head office.
This has also been the year of the sixth edition of Fabian Essays,
published by Allen and Unwin with four earlier prefaces, Shaw's 1948
postscript and an excellent new introduction by Professor Asa Briggs.
Finally, at a rather different level, it has been the year of the Society's
first appearance on television — a not entirely satisfactory look at us in the
B.B.C. political programme, Gallery.
The new subscription rates led to a decrease in membership over the
year, but it was not on a serious scale, and was financially more than
covered by an increase in revenue. We do not like to lose members, how-
ever, and various attempts to bring the Society to the attention of such
potential new members as Parliamentary candidates were made during
Pamphlets published during the year dealt with many topics of cur-
rent political interest and were widely reviewed in the press. Their impact
on the controversies of the year was marked and a Tory Minister was even
heard to say in a House of Commons debate that he hated to recommend
the pamphlet but . . . The Bookshop maintained the higher level of receipts
of the last three years — averaging nearly double the receipts of the three
years before that.
2 FABIAN SOCIETY
The Young Fabians increased their membership to just under 200, most
of them being members of the Society as well. Their third pamphlet.
Mechanics of Victory, was published during the year, and the Group ran
its own school at The Hallams, Guildford, in June. A number of research
groups continued to meet regularly, and the Young Fabians also held
monthly discussion meetings in London.
The Society's own groups also flourished, and the main limit on new
ones being set up was the administrative burden involved. The nationalised
industries group completed its book, edited by Michael Shanks, and two
others submitted drafts for pamphlets. A new group on scientific policy
was established, and several others were proposed.
Attendance at schools showed no improvement, partly because charges
had to be raised owing to higher costs. The Easter school on international
affairs was a very considerable success, but the summer schools and week-
end schools did less well. Higher costs also raised the printing bills, and
the number of pamphlets published consequently had to be reduced. It is
hoped to raise the figure next year, when the higher printing costs can be
By and large, it was a satisfactory year, and one that showed that
Fabians now, as in the past, have much to contribute to the society.
T'-'TH ANNUAL REPORT 3
The higher subscription rates have taken their toll of members, as
was expected, but the loss has not been severe. The number of full
members now stands at 2.601, a drop of 110 over the year. This more
than wipes out the gain in members last year, but compares quite well
with the figure for 1960 and for earlier years. The gain in revenue, needed
to meet higher printing and administration costs, has been quite substantial.
It is encouraging to note that the largest number of new members is
in the four-guinea category. Nearly a thousand Fabians now subscribe
to all the Society's publications, and this is a trend we hope to sustain.
The Young Fabians have continued to increase in membership, and it is
satisfactory that almost all of them are members of the Society as well.
While the number of libraries subscribing to the Society has increased,
the total of Labour Parties, trade unions and Co-operative Societies con-
tinues to decline. In the year under review, Parliamentary candidates and
others associated with the day-to-day political activity of the Movement
have been approached to join the Society. A drive on Labour Parties,
etc., is being planned.
Last year two tables were given, reflecting the effect of subscription
changes. This year, only one table is given. In comparing it with previous
years it should be noted that the table shows the full effect of the higher
Membership Figures as at 30tli June, 1962
* Includes subscribing bodies.
Resignations, etc. ...
-15 —14 +3 —61 —21 +4
* Includes FS/IB and FS/CB subscribers.
Labour Parties, Co-ops. T.Us.
4 lABIAN SOCIETY
Members elected: John Diamond (Honorary Treasurer, unopposed)
and, in order of ballot: A. Wedgwood Benn, Margaret Cole, Peter Towns-
end, R. H. S. Grossman, Brian Abel-Smith, Mary Stewart, H. D. Hughes,
Arthur Skeffington, John Parker, Thomas Balogh, Lord Faringdon, C. A. R.
Crosland, W. T. Rodgers, George Thomson, Reginald Prentice, Robert
Neild, H. J. Boyden.
Members Co-opted: Stephen Hatch, John Hughes, Peter Shore, Betty
Vernon and Rex Winsbury (Chairman, Young Fabian Group).
Members of the Committees appointed by the Executive Committee
are listed in Appendix "A".
Labour Party Conference: Shirley Williams.
London Labour Party Conference: Arthur Skeffington, M.P.
London Labour Party Executive Committee: Arthur Skeffington, M.P.
C. A. R. Crosland, M.P., was elected Chairman of the Executive Com-
mittee; Mary Stewart, Vice<Lhairman; and John Parker, M.P., Honorary
Secretary. John Diamond, M.P., had already been returned as Honorary
Treasurer in the Annual Ballot.
There were few staff changes in the year under review, and the Society
benefited by this continuity. Among the eleven full-time members of the
Staff, two left during the course of the year, the Bookshop Assistant, Peter
Saben, and the secretary in the General Office, Leonora Kaye, who left
to study music at the Royal Academy of Music. They were succeeded by
Carole Bayley and Jane Scott. Tom Ponsonby, who started work as Assistant
Secretary in October, 1961, has very quickly established himself as an
excellent administrator. Subsequent to the period covered by this Report,
Christine Watkins left the Society to get married. She will be missed as a
most conscientious and generous member of the Staff.
The only change among the three part-time members of the Staff was
the appointment of John Syson, who became Assistant Secretary in the
Commonwealth Bureau, after a short period in which the Bureau was
Three members of the Staff have now passed their 'ten-year test'.
Gladys Cremer, Ben Hiunpage and Gertrude Ritchie have all been with
the Society for a decade or more. The Society owes a great deal to them.
79th annual report 5
The Executive Committee would like to express gratitude to all those
who help the Society by giving their time voluntarily. Dorothy Fox has
now been secretary of the Local Societies Committee for eighteen years.
and continues to do invaluable work in that field. The General Office is
grateful to Mr. Edgar Holman, who comes in regularly to classify new
members. The Commonwealth Bureau is much assisted by the work of
Mrs. Scolefield Allen, Mr. Bradbury, Muriel Pease and Beatty Feder, and
the Membership department by the work of Louise Moelwyn-Hughes.
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING
The Annual General Meeting was held at Caxton Hall on Saturday.
25th November, 1961. The Annual Report and Statement of Accounts
were accepted. A vote of thanks to Messrs. Pegg, Robertson and Co., for
their services as Honorary Auditors, was carried unanimously, and they
■were asked to serve for 1961/1962.
Four members of the Executive Committee who had decided to retire
from the Committee were accorded unanimous votes of thanks — Denis
Healey. Peggy Jay, Roy Jenkins and Michael Shanks.
An amendment to Rule 2 moved by Ronald Maude, was lost; so
was an amendment to Rule 9 moved by Otto litis. A resolution moved by
Stephen Hatch was accepted by the Executive Committee. It read:
This meeting considers that the value of the Society's work for
the Labour Movement could be increased. It therefore requests the
Executive Committee to make a critical review of the Society's activi-
ties, with particular reference to the audience reached by the Society,
in order that the Society may make a more effective and purposeful
In February a Regional Members' meeting was held in Manchester.
This resulted in the re-formation of the North-West Regional Committee.
SUMMER SCHOOLS 1961
Two weeks of family summ^er schools were held at St. David's College,
Lampeter, Cardiganshire. The first school from 29th July— 5th August, was
entitled "SociaHsm and Social Values". The lecturers were Lionel Elvin,
Albert Hunt, Alan Lovell, Dennis Potter, Bernard WiUiams and Richard
Wollheim. The Director was W. T. Rodgers. Sylvia Rodgers acted as Family
Director and Jim Wade as Secretary. A particularly pleasing aspect of this
school was the attendance of a party of 15 German students from the
The second week's school, from 5th August-12th August, was entitled,
"Social Democracy and Society". It was directed by George Thomson,
M.P., with Grace Thomson as Family Director and Jim Wade, then Shirley
6 FABIAN SOCIETY
Williams, as Secretary. The lecturers were John Greve, A. H. Halsey, Hugh
Morris, Anthony Sampson, Eirene White, M.P., Ben Segal and Shirley
Williams. A total of 116 people attended the two schools, 25 being children.
The Danish Summer School was held at Fakse Ladeplads, 40 miles
south of Copenhagen. The programme of lectures and visits was arranged
by the Danish People's Holiday Association. The Director was John Parker,
M.P., and Zena Parker was Secretary. There were 35 full-time and 1 part-
Seven week-end schools were held, including those organised by the
Commonwealth Bureau, Local Societies Committee and the Young Fabian
Group. The total attendance was 314, of which 45 attended the Young
Fabian School and 31 the Local Societies School. The Autumn School on
"Science and Politics" was held at •'Oakhurst", Hastings, the Director being
Fred Peart, M.P. The lectures were given by Arthur Gaitskell, John Maddox.
Stanley Mayne. Anthony Smith and the Director.
The New Year School on "Crime in our Society" was held at Beatrice
Webb House and was directed by Lord Longford. The speakers were
Christophen Mayhew, M.P., Terence Morris, Lord Stonham, Baroness
Wootton and the Director.
The Commonwealth Bureau School was held at Queen Elizabeth
House, Oxford, and the Local Societies Committee's School at the Rookery,
As usual the Easter School was held at Beatrice Webb House. The
school was directed by Anthony Wedgwood Benn, the lecturers being: Cherif
Guellal, Colin Legum, David Marquand, Hella Pick, Leonard Shapiro
and the Director.
In May the Spring School on "Socialism and the Mass Media" was
held at "Oakhurst", near Hastings. Bernard Williams directed this school
and the lecturers were Jack Ashley, Harvey Cole, Anthony Howard and
Finally, the Young Fabian School was held at The Hallams, Guildford,
in late June.
The 1961 series of four Autumn Lectures, held at the Livingstone Hall,
London, in November, was entitled, "The Arts, Communication and
Society". Individual lectures were given by Edward Shils on "The Serious,
The Frivolous and the Brutal" ; by John Beavan on "The Impact of the
Press on the Public"; by Richard Wollheim on "Communication and Com-
mitment" and by Raymond Williams on "The Existing Alternatives". The
series was held in conjunction with the Central London Fabian Society,
and had an average attendance of 145. Two of the lectures were subsequently
published as pamphlets.
79th annual report '
FESTIVAL OF LABOUR
In connection with the Festival in June, the Society held a luncheon
at the House of Commons which was attended by 100 people. Hugh
Gaitskell, M.P., took the chair and Professor P. M. S. Blackett and Professor
R. M. Titmuss spoke.
An exhibition of the Society's work was held in the affiliated organisa-
tions arcade at Battersea Park during the week-end of 16th/17th June. A
large number of people visited it and many enquiries were answered.
YOUNG FABIAN GROUP
During the year the Young Fabian Group published only one pamphlet.
The Mechanics of Victory, which dealt with the organisation and finances
of the Labour Party. An article based on some of the material appeared
in the New Statesman.
Two study groups completed their work — one on National Assistance,
whose pamphlet has since come out, and one on Housing, a report from
which has been accepted for publication by Socialist Commentary. A third
group, on the Co-ops, came near to finishing its project. Other study
groups in action were concerned with the Comprehensive Schools and
The Young Fabian Study Group on the Press gave evidence to the
London Labour Party, at their request, on the feasibility of a Labour
evening paper in London.
A day school on Cuba was held in December, after the Annual General
Meeting. Speeches were given by Mrs. Joan Robinson, Nick Howard.
Richard Pryke, Chris Jecchinis, and Jaime Garcia. A series of evening
meetings was also held; it is hoped to develop these further.
In June, the third Young Fabian week-end school was held at the
Hallams, Guildford, on Progress, Planning and Affluence. Lecturers were
George Woodcock, Tony Crosland, Michael Posner, John Hughes, and
Membership at the end of the year was 185. The officers during it
were Rex Winsbury, Chairman; Stephen Hatch, Vice-Chairman; Tony
Rees, Secretary; and Mary Mcintosh, Hon. Treasurer.
Thirteen pamphlets were published during the year, a drop from the
previous year owing to an increase in printer's charges. Some 25,000
pamphlets were distributed to members of the Society, and another 20,000
were sold. 30,000 copies of Fabian News were sent out, and 16,700 copies
of Venture. The total amount of publications distributed free to members
amounted to about 72,000 in all.
The range of newspapers and journals interested in Fabian pamphlets
continued to be a wide one. Several leaders appeared in the columns of
national newspapers mentioning Fabian pamphlets. Particularly noteworthy
g FABIAN SOCIETY'
were the considerable number of leading articles in The Guardian and The
Times; altogether there were 21 full-page or leading reviews in national or
leading provincial newspapers and in well-known weekly journals. Fabian
pamphlets were noticed in such publications as The Economist, Tribune, The
Spectator, The Statist, The Farmer and Stockbreeder, Taxes, Town Planning.
Nature, The Quarterly Journal, the journal of the Society of Housing
Managers, Yorkshire Post, The Estates Gazette, Balham News, Education.
and New Dawn, to mention only some of them.
Fabian News appeared monthly as usual, fulfilling its valuable task
of a house magazine, and Venture circulated to some 1,550 members a
month. The scope of this publication was considerably widened to include
more articles of general interest, dealing with such topics as Pan-Africanism
and the Afro-Asian group at the UN, as well as the regular features. The
Young Fabian group also produced a valuable monthly bulletin from 1961
onwards for nearly 200 Young Fabians.
During the year the following were published:
224. The Housing Problem. John Greve.
225. The Farmer and Europe. Lord Walston.
226. A Plan for Road Safety. Barbara Preston.
227 United Nations on Trial. David Ennals.
228. Education for Commonwealth Students in Britain. Patrick
229. New Towns for Old. J. B. Cullingworth.
332. Aden, the Protectorates and the Yemen. Reginald Sorensen.
333. Disarmament: Finnegan's Choice. Wayland and Elizabeth
334. The Structure of Higher Education. A Fabian Group.
335. Trade Unions in Opposition. Ken Alexander and John Hughes
336. Not with Europe. William Pickles.
339. The Existing Alternatives in Communications. Raymond
Young Fabian Publications
3. The Mechanics of Victory. Young Fabian Group.
Fabian News. Eleven Issues.
Venture. Eleven Issues.
78th Annual Report.
79th annual report "
Demand for Fabian pamphlets was well maintained during the year:
the revenue of £1,150 produced by the Bookshop was the same as last
year. William Pickles' Not with Europe made a substantial contribution
to this satisfactory result. It was the runaway best seller of the year and
one of the very few Fabian pamphlets to sell at the rate of a thousand
copies a month. Other pamphlets which sold well were John Greve's
Housing Problem, The Structure of Higher Education, which was a re-
print of the memorandum submitted to the Robbins Committee on Higher
Education, A Plan for Road Safety and Education for Commonwealth
There have been some major improvements in the general set up of
the Bookshop. It has been redecorated and looks much brighter. A
number of stands have been acquired from paper-back publishers and books
are being displayed more effectively. The Bookshop continues to do a
substantial postal order business, much of it with overseas customers.
10 FABIAN SOCIETY
HOME RESEARCH DEPARTMENT
Chairman : H. D. Hughes Secretary : Shirley Williams
Five Home Research pamphlets were pubhshed during the year
under review, and two others, The Farmer and Europe and Not with
Europe were produced under the joint auspices of the Department and the
International Bureau. Once again, two of the pamphlets appeared in the
series ' Socialism in the Sixties '. These were The Structure of Higher
Education and Trade Unions in Opposition.
The Department's publications in 1961-62 concentrated on some of
the crucial social issues of the day — education, housing, town planning and
urban renewal. A good deal of attention was paid by the daily Press and
by more specialised journals to Fabian recommendations in these fields,
especially those relating to housing and education.
The Structure of Higher Education, published in October, was a short
statement on the administration of a greatly expanded and reformed system
of higher education in Britain. The work of a group of Fabians interested
in education, many of them professionally, the pamphlet was first produced
as a submission to the Robbins Committee. The group looked at the
rapidly increasing demand for higher education, and estimated that demand
for places might leap from over 300,000 in 1969 to some 730,000 in 1979. It
considered the organisation of the University Grants Committee, and
decided that this form of financing educational institutions should be
extended to Teacher Training Colleges and Colleges of Advanced Tech-
nology, while making the U.G.C. accountable to Parliament through an
annual report. Finally, the group proposed a National Higher Education
Authority on an ad hoc basis, supported by Regional Authorities. These
would co-ordinate the work of the various institutions of higher education
falling within their area of authority.
John Greve's The Housing Problem showed that Britain is still far
from providing decent housing for all her citizens. The author considered
that between 375,000 and 475,000 new houses a year were needed, to meet
new demand, rehouse those in slums, and replace obsolete property. Differing
interest rates, a new system of subsidies, and co-operative housing were
all reviewed as ways of contributing to the solution of the problem. This
pamphlet was widely noticed, especially in trade union journals.
One subject tackled for the first time was road safety in A Plan for
Road Safety, by Barbara Preston. This was brought out in time for the
Parliamentary debates on the Road Traffic Act, and was found useful by a
number of M.P.s. The author analysed the road accident statistics, looked
at experiences abroad, and made a number of proposals for legislation and
local government action to improve road safety.
The Department's series on town and country planning problems was
continued by a study of urban renewal, J. B. CuUingworth's New Towns
79th annual report
for Old. Central to the author's conclusions is the thesis that planning
must again become a positive responsibility of government, if urban sprawl,
serious congestion in the south-east and serious decline in the north are
to be avoided. The author favoured comprehensive redevelopment, pointed
out that this often required certain compulsory powers, and entered a plea
for an Urban Renewal Service to advise smaller authorities.
On industrial problems, one pamphlet dealt with the controversial
problems of wages policy and trade union attitudes. In Trade Unions in
Opposition, Ken Alexander and John Hughes demostrated how a Con-
servative electoral cycle had been super-imposed on the cycle of recession
and boom in the last decade. The start-stop economy is not one that
encourages steady growth, and the authors indicated how wage costs rose
faster in years when expansion was deliberately held back. The pamphlet
outlined a central strategy for the unions in making wage demands and
advocated increases for the most lowly-paid as a first priority.
One of the Home Research Groups, that on nationalised industries,
delivered the manuscript of a book to the publishers during the year, and
this is expected to be out next year. Two other groups submitted drafts
for possible publication, one on public ownership and one on management.
Groups on industrial injuries and on a critique of the Ingleby Report met
from time to time, and there is every reason to anticipate pamphlets on
both of these subjects. A new group on the relations of Government to
scientific research was established during the year, and met several times.
At the end of the year, pamphlets on insurance, industrial democracy,
redundancy, the trade unions, company law, population growth and the
schools were all either completed or nearly completed. At least another
35 projects were under way, and two new groups were in process of being
^^ FABIAN SOCIETT
Chairman: Arthur Creech Jones Secretary: Margaret Roberts
The future of the Commonwealth in a rapidly changing world has
absorbed much of the attention of the Commonwealth Bureau this year.
The need for radical thought on this subject has been high-lighted by
Britain's negotiations to join the Common Market, and by the continued
rapid pace of de-colonisation in the Caribbean as well as in Africa. It
became clear that the work of the Bureau fell into two relatively distinct
categories. First, Britain's continued responsibilities in the remaining depen-
dencies—now consisting largely of the settler areas of Africa, and the
smaller territories — entail constant pressure and comment on the activities
of the British Colonial Office ; and secondly, those areas of British policy
which affect the good health of the Commonwealth as an institution demand
our concern with a wider range of subjects and wider aspects of British
foreign policies than we have hitherto considered to be part of our task.
Thus, for example, regional economic development and the progress of
Pan-Africanism clearly concern the Commonwealth intimately, and at the
same time bring us into contact with areas previously considered outside
For this reason, the Committee of the Commonwealth Bureau, together
with that of the International Bureau, agreed to an Executive proposal to
establish a Joint Committee of the two Bureaux to meet regularly to deal
with problems of overlap between the two Bureaux. It held its first meet-
ing in May. This development is part of a process, which continues to
preoccupy the Bureau, of setting the Commonwealth in its international
perspective, and of formulating institutions within the Society to reflect
a proper division of functions.
The year saw a number of staff changes. In July the Society accepted,
with deep regret, the resignation of Hilda Selwyn-Clarke, who has been
with us for 14 years. She remained with us as Advisor to the new Secre-
tary, Miss Margaret Roberts, formerly Assistant Secretary. In April, 1962.
John Syson was appointed half-time Assistant Secretary.
In 1961 we published Reginald Sorensen's pamphlet, Aden, the Protec-
torates and the Yemen, which explains the background to an area of British
responsibility about which too little is known, and whose problems are
therefore assuming dangerous proportions for lack of public attention and
foresight. The pamphlet will continue to provide an important reference
point during the coming period of negotiations for South Arabian unity.
Patrick Lancaster's Education for Commonwealth Students was pub-
lished in April, 1962. It received widespread notice in the British and some
Commonwealth press and on the British radio. Mr. Lancaster brought
79th annual report 13
together the facts about the influx of Commonwealth students to Britain,
pointed out the problems which arise from the ad hoc and unco-ordinated
arrangements for their selection and placement, and drew several important
conclusions for better institutions to handle overseas students in Britain.
Much attention has been given to improving the format of Venture
and widening its field of interest. On both these aspects of production
discussions continue. A special Editorial Sub-Committee was established
to deal with the details of Venture production. We have paid more atten-
tion this year to older members of the Commonwealth, and to problems
of economic development and the grovi^h of regional economic and political
groupings in which Commonwealth members are involved. Eleven issues
were published, and the articles included:
' Trade Unions and Politics — Kenya and Tanganyika ' by David
' Must there be a Ceiling on Aid? ' by Hilary Marquand.
' Canada's New Democratic Party ' by Francis Eady.
' Approach to African Unity ' by Margaret Roberts.
' Commonwealth Immigration ' by Patrick Gordon Walker.
' Land Development in Malaya ' by John Dore.
' Nigerian Leadership ' by Bankole Akpata.
' Protection for Minorities in Africa ' by Margaret Mackenzie.
' Kenya : the Crisis behind the Crisis ' by Guy Barnett.
' Portugal, Angola and NATO ' by Carlos Cambando.
During the year we also published a Special Issue of Venture. Appear-
ing in June, 1962, it took the form of a report of the Bureau Conference
on the Commonwealth held in January (see below).
The scale of activity on the colonial front, including many constitu-
tional conferences and important debates, kept up the pace of Parliamentary
work in the Bureau. We succeeded in getting a number of issues raised in
the House, including economic development and the problem of political
refugees in the High Commission Territories and their relations with the
Republic of South Africa; freedom of association in Northern Rhodesia
and the progress of technical education in Central Africa generally; the
sugar price in Fiji ; television in Malta ; and Britain's financial contribution
to Tanganyika's economy at independence. We also briefed some of our
members before the debates on colonial and Commonwealth matters ; and
made representations to the Colonial Office on immigration, the 'Lost
Counties' of Uganda, and Northern Rhodesia.
No less important was the work the Bureau undertook for delegates
to constitutional conferences in London, and our arrangements for them
14 FABIAN SOCIETY
to meet M.P.s and members of the Press. Among delegates we have helped
in this way have been Ugandans, Basutos, Northern Rhodesians, Adenese.
Mauritians and Swazis. The Committee entertained to lunch visitors from
Tanganyika, Jamaica. Mauritius, Kenya, Northern Rhodesia, Swaziland.
Zanzibar, Singapore, Malaya and the Windward and Leeward Islands. We
also received visitors in the office from Nigeria, Aden, Ghana, Canada and
other parts of the Commonwealth. Contact has been established with the
new Tanganyika High Commissioner in London.
A highly successful Conference was held in January at Queen Elizabeth
House, Oxford, to discuss the future role of the Commonwealth in inter-
national affairs. Speakers were Kenneth Kirkwood, Sir Andrew Cohen,
Tom Soper, Lionel Elvin, George Bennett, Colin Legum and Patrick
Keatley. All the Commonwealth High Commissions were invited to send
a representative, and much of the success of the week-end's discussion must
be attributed to the fact that many of them did so. A summary of the
speeches and the discussion was published in a special expanded issue of
The office also assisted in planning the Whitsun School of the Central
London Fabians on the subject of ' Modern Africa.'
The series of discussion meetings ' Socialism for Africa ' were resumed
in the autumn, and were held fortnightly. Their purpose is to provoke
thinking and discussion about socialism between African and British
socialists, and the introductory remarks are very short. Speakers have
included Dr. Thomas Balogh, Charles Patterson of the LIniversity of Cali-
fornia, and Bola Ellas of Nigeria.
We are deeply indebted to our voluntary workers who are mentioned
79th annual report 15
Chairman: Anthony Wedgwood Benn. Secretary: Tom Ponsonby
Five pamphlets have been published during the year, including Aden,
The Protectorates and the Yemen (July, 1961), by Reginald Sorensen, which
was a joint publication with the Commonwealth Bureau. The other four
Disarmament: Finnegan's Choice (September, 1961), by Wayland and
Elizabeth Young, argued the case for general and comprehensive disarma-
ment. The Youngs believed that with such a system the Soviet Union
could be brought to accept inspection, and the United States could be
brought to accept stage by stage reductions in arms expenditure.
The Farmer and Europe (January, 1962), by Lord Walston, considered
what would happen to agriculture in Britain, if this country joins the
Common Market. The author worked out a plan for transition to an
efficient and competitive European agricultural industry. He also proposed
a system of pensions linked to purchase of uneconomic farms as a way
of combining economic production with social justice. This was published
jointly with the Home Research Department.
United Nations on Trial (March, 1962), by David Ennals was published
in reply to Lord Home's speech at Berwick attacking the U.N. The author
argued the case for a more dynamic U.N. and a more representative
Not With Europe: The Political Case for Staying Out (April, 1962),
by William Pickles, closely argued the case against British membership
of the European Economic Community. He pointed out that the com-
munity was dominated by laissez-faire interests combined with federalists,
and that the highly-trained bureaucrats who run it are not effectively
controlled by democratic institutions. He believed that it was the wrong
international grouping for this country to join and that it would quickly
destroy our links with the Commonwealth. This pamphlet was also pub-
lished jointly with the Home Research Department.
At the end of the year work was going ahead on pamphlets dealing
with Military Bases, Propaganda in the Cold War, The Indian Economy,
Post-war Japan, East Germany, Worker's Self-Management in Yugoslavia,
and Soviet relations with her satellite states.
One House of Commons meeting was held during the year when
Clemens Alfermann spoke on ' The Role of German Trade Unions To-day.'
A successful Easter School, which was directed by the Bureau's Chairman,
dealt with ' Neutralism and the West.'
16 FABIAN SOCIETY
Chairman : Arthur SkefiBngton Secretary : Dorothy Fox
The financial year of Local Societies runs from 1st April to 31st March.
Comparative membership figures (affiliation fees, fully paid) for the last
three years are:
1st April, 1959— 31st March, 1960 ... 1,926 (77 Societies)
1st April, 1960— 31st March, 1961 ... 1,871 (73 Societies)
1st April, 1961— 31st March, 1962 ... 1,962 (73 Societies)
These figures exclude membership in Aberdeen, Barnsley, Bridgwater,
Clapham, Harlow, Norwich and Pontypool from whom affiliation fees are
During the year 8 Societies were deleted: Bournemouth, Carlisle, Nor-
wood, Oldham, Portsmouth, St. Helens, South Dorset, and West Middlesex.
In the same period seven Societies were recognised: Crawley, East
Kilbride, Fulham and Hammersmith, Greenock (re-formed), Maidstone (re-
formed). North-west Middlesex and Ruskin College. It is hoped that
Societies will shortly be recognised in South-east London and South-east
Essex. Conveners are working in Basildon, Glenrothes, Leamington and
Stockton. It is hoped to revive Hartlepools, Belfast and Dorking.
MEETINGS AND CONFERENCES
The columns of Fabian News illustrate the wide variety of meetings
and conferences arranged by Local Societies. One of the outstanding events
was a conference on the New Universities arranged, at the suggestion of the
office, by Brighton Fabian Society. This received nation-wide press cover-
age, and a similar conference is being arranged this autumn at York. Central
London has continued with weekly meetings and four week-end schools.
Walthamstow Fabian Society held a series of discussions under the
heading Socialism in a New Age and produced four leaflets as a basis for
Regional Committees have as usual continued to do most useful work
on an informal basis. 62 students attended the Annual Conference of the
Scottish Council. They were addressed by Philip Noel Baker, M.P., and
then divided into five study groups to debate particular aspects of dis-
armament. Congratulations are due to Jenny Auld on her first conference
as Secretary of the Scottish Fabian Societies, which coincided with her year
of office as Chairman of the Scottish Council of the Labour Party. About 40
Fabians attended the Northern Regional School at Durham on the subject of
Local Government and the Welfare State, taken by Brian Abel-Smith. After
ten years of work for the Society as Secretary of the Northern Regional
79th annual report 17
Committee, Mabel McMillan has resigned, although she is carrying on
until a successor is found. She has also served for 11 years as Secretary
of the Tees-side Fabian Society. We should like to thank her for all she
has done for Fabians in the north. The London Region has held a series
of meetings on Living, Working, and Travelling in Central London. There
has been a revival of the Region in the North-west, where Mrs. Harriet
Davidson of Liverpool Fabian Society is the new Secretary and where plans
for research work on a regional basis are being considered. In the South-
west, Berta Sacof as Secretary has continued with an annual meeting in
Bristol and a summer meeting at Penscot, near Bath.
During the year, two series of Regional Lectures were held. The first,
in the autumn, were held at Bradford, Leeds and Nottingham, the speakers
being Mark Abrams, James McCoU, Arthur Skeffington, John Parker, H. J.
Boyden and Anthony Wedgwood Benn. The title of this series was Socialism
and our Society. The Spring series took place at Cardiff and Gloucester
under the general title of Problems Britain Faces, with Eirlys Roberts,
Douglas Jay, Sydney Jacobson and Michael Shanks as speakers. Over 500
attended the two series of lectures.
Local Societies have lost a great friend by the recent death of Donald
Alger, who when Propaganda Officer of the Labour Party, gave unstinted
help and advice on the formation and strengthening of Local Societies, and
continued to give help and support as Northern Region Officer of the
We also record with regret the death of Percy Brodhurst, for many
years a member of the Executive Committee of the Birmingham Fabian
Society. When the Local Society was reconstituted in 1944, he became its
After nearly ten years as Secretary of the Stockport Fabian Society
Harry Lees has resigned, and we thank him for all he has done during that
We are happy to record the Parliamentary success of two members
of the Committee, Bill Rodgers and Dick Taverne, and of three active local
society members, Arthur Bottomley, Tam Dalyell (formerly Secretary of
Edinburgh Fabian Society) and Dr. Jeremy Bray, and hope for continued
help from them in spreading the growth and influence of local societies.
The General Secretary has visited Birmingham, Norwich, Ruskin Col-
lege, the Central London School at The Hallams, Guildford, and took a
meeting in Porthcawl.
The Assistant General Secretary, Tom Ponsonby, has visited Epsom,
Frome, Liverpool, North Berks., Preston, Redhill, South-east London and
Streatham, and taken meetings in South-east Essex and Dorking, which should
result in new societies.
18 FABIAN SOCIETY
A questionnaire prepared by Jim Boyden on The Training of Young
Workers has been welcomed by Local Societies and replies so far received
have come from 12 Societies.
Peggy Crane is now working on a Discussion Guide on Participation
in Democracy, based on her talk and other discussions at the Oxford Con-
The administrative side of the task of assisting Locai Societies has been
greatly aided by the help given by Tom Ponsonby. Expansion in the
number of societies is generally dependent in the first instance on an
approach by letter, and we have suffered in the past year from a shortage
of clerical help. We are indebted to Mrs. Ritchie for her work in the
office, and we welcome voluntary help from Marjorie Durbin, who is now
engaged in revising the speakers' panel.
Looking back on the year, Local Societies have well maintained a wide
range of useful political and educational work. The Scottish Council,
Brighton, East London and several other groups have had some of their
most successful gatherings. In some areas there would be little or no general
socialist discussion but for the local society, and no machinery for interest-
ing those who are sympathetic but not yet members of the Labour Party.
The 70 Societies also ensure that Fabian work and literature are known
The main work of the Committee has been to consider how Local
Societies can make an effective contribution to the work of the Local Labour
Party, and in particular to concentrate on some political ideas sometimes
neglected. Among events organised by the Committee to this end were:
(i) A discussion on ' Political Purpose in Local Research ' by Peggy
Crane at a meeting on the morning of the Society's A.G.M.
(ii) The Local Societies Oxford Conference, 31st March/ 1st April, on
' Participation in Democracy,' with H. J. Boyden as Director, Arthur
Skeffington as Chairman for the opening session, and Margaret Cole, Peggy
Crane, John OUis, Peter Townsend and Frank Pickstock as speakers.
Societies represented included Birmingham, Bradford, Derby, Epsom,
Fulham and Hammersmith, Glasgow, Gloucester, Grimsby, Maidstone,
Manchester, Meopham, Stafford, Streatham and Sutton. Apart from encour-
aging interest in local research we hope that this autumn Local Societies
will prepare for the General Election by considering how national issues
should be dealt with locally.
79th annual report 19
We greatly regret the loss of many distinguished and loyal members
in the past year, among them two great Fabians: HUGH DALTON and
R. H. TAWNEY. Dalton's association with the Society began before
the First World War; he was mentioned by Beatrice Webb in 1908 as one
of the most promising of the young Fabians of Rupert Brooke's genera-
tion. Dalton's outstanding talents were soon recognised. Member of Par-
liament for Camberwell in 1924, he remained in the House of Commons
until 1959, with one brief interval. Minister of Economic Warfare and
President of the Board of Trade in the war-time coalition, Chancellor of the
Exchequer and later Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister
of Town and Country Planning in the Labour Governments, Hugh Dalton
remained loyal to the Fabian Society all his life. He lectured often at
Summer Schools and brought many brilliant younger men into the Society.
At the age of 81, R. H. Tawney died in January. Without doubt
he must be reckoned among the greatest historians of this century, and
along with Shaw and the Webbs among its greatest Socialist thinkers.
Genial and generous hearted, he lived his Socialism, and left as his legacy
to the British Labour Movement innumerable men and women inspired
by his vision of Equality to repudiate the shabbiness of the Acquisitive
Society. Through his books, through his work as a drafbman for the
Labour Party Executive and for the Workers' Education Association
Tawney expounded his principles to many thousands. He served on the
Fabian Executive Committee from 1921 to 1934.
FRANK HORRABIN, the left-wing Sociahst and pillar of 'indepen-
dent ' working-class education, combined personal charm with a passionate
devotion to the cause of subject peoples and great gifts as journalist and
draughtsman. He was a founder member of the New Fabian Research
Bureau and of the Colonial Bureau, of which he was chairman during five
crucial years after 1945 ; but many will remember him as the creator of
the Noah family in cartoon, or the imaqinitive atlas-maker and illustrator
of Well's Outline of History. He was M.P. for Peterborough from 1929
to 1931, and on the Fabian Executive from 1946 to 1948. Another ex-M.P.
was J. R. THOMAS, who sat for Dover in the 1945 Parliament. LORD
WINSTER was Chairman of the Colonial Bureau Committee for Study of
Co-operation in the Colonies from 1942 to 1944, he was the Minister of
Civil Aviation who created London Airport and later was Governor of
An active Fabian, who went to Denmark with the Fabian Summer
School last year, was MAJOR R. N. HALES. Director of Welfare at the
War Office during the war. He stood for Pariiament in the elections of
1945. 1951 and 1955. MISS I. AINGER was a member for nearly fifty years,
having joined in 1915. WILL LEWCOCK was a Northern Region Organiser
20 FABIAN SOCIETY
for the Labour Party and a member of theTyneside Fabian Society for many
years. Another old member to die was F. E. OWEN, who joined the
Society in 1907 and was for a time secretary of the Portsmouth Fabian
Society. Among members who were active in local societies was PERCY
BRODHURST, first Chairman of the Birmingham Society, when it was
reconstructed in 1944, and MISS MARIAN BILLSON, a solicitor with a
substantial practice in Croydon. In 1945 she was Labour Candidate for the
old Croydon North Constituency and narrowly missed winning this Tory
stronghold by 607 votes. She took a keen interest in the local Fabian
Society, of which she was at one time Chairman, and many of its most
successful events took place in her fine house and garden. E. LIONEL
COOKE was a life-long Fabian, and one of the earliest members of the
Labour Party. A friend of H. G. Wells, he visited the U.S.S.R. shortly
after the Revolution. In recent years, he lived at Brighton.
We also have to record with great regret the loss of H. R. M. CHAM-
BERLAIN of Worthing, ARTHUR COOPER of Fulham, Mrs. M. C.
GILLETT of Street, Somerset, E. G. HOBBS of Petersfield, W. R. JOHN-
SON of Hampstead, J. N. MACKIE of Highgate, HARVEY MOORE of
Ashford, Kent, A. REINGAND of Dunstable, H. S. RICHARDS of
Twickenham, Miss M. TUBBS of London, J. WILSON of Weston-super-
Mare, and A. W. WISHART.
79th annual report 21
HONORARY TREASURER'S REPORT
Once again the loyalty of our members and the generosity of our donors
have enabled us to pay our way. Subscriptions have increased by nearly
£500 in the year under review and this has enabled us to meet heavier
salary rates, stationery, telephone bills and so on. It has also been possible
to spend a substantial sum on redecorating and repairing the Society's
offices, a job that badly needed doing.
Though not quite up to the 1960 level, bookshop receipts have again
been well maintained. Every Fabian who orders his books and journals
through the Society's bookshop is helping the Society to expand and improve
its research, while assuring himself of excellent service. This is one way in
which many members could be of help at no additional cost to themselves.
The drive to recruit new members, both individuals and organisations,
has continued during the year, and every effort is made to publicise Fabian
pamphlets and to extend their sales. Here again, suggestions from Fabians
of potential members, or of new outlets for pamphlet sales, will be most
Many trade unions and several Trusts have once again made generous
grants and donations to the Society which enable its work to continue. I
would like to thank the Passfield Trust, the Sara Hall Trust and the Noel
Buxton Trust. The Transport and General Workers' Union and the Trades
Union Congress we are most grateful to, for their contributions to the
Commonwealth Bureau. I would also like to express our warm thanks to
the National Union of General and Municipal Workers, National Union
of Mineworkers (through its areas). Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied
Workers, Amalgamated Engineering Union, Union of Post Office Workers,
National Union of Public Employees, Transport Salaried Staff Association,
National Federation of Building Trades Operatives, Confederation of Health
Service Employees, Amalgamated Weavers Association, Sheet Metal Workers
Society, National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives, Musicians Union and
the National Union of Agricultural Workers.
The activities of the Society again totalled (net) approximately £10,000.
broken down as follows: —
Schools, etc. . .
22 FABIAN SOCIETY
Last year 1 had occasion to refer to the difficulties resulting from lack
of continuity in our staff. How pleasant it is to record this year by way of
contrast that two of our most valued members have completed ten years
in the Society's service — Gladys Cremer and Ben Humpage. Tom Ponsonby
has, in a short time, established himself thoroughly as a most competent
Assistant General Secretary, and Shirley Williams continues to excite the
admiration of everyone who is aware of the memorable manner in which
she manages her manifold — as well as her maternal — responsibilities.
Mr. J. Ian Robertson of Messrs. Pegg, Robertson and Co. has once
again generously undertaken the job of being the Honorary Auditor, and
I am most grateful to him for his help.
BALANCE SHEET AS
Edward Bequest Fund
Women's Group Fund
L.S.C. Development Fund
Pease Fund ...
f s. d.
9 8 10
48 6 6
1142 9 4
3174 17 9
2937 14 7
We have examined the Accounts of the Fabian Society for the year ended
tion and explanations we have required. We certify that the Balance Sheet above
state of the Society's affairs according to the best of our information and the
\Slh September, 1962.
Eldon Street House,
Eldon Street, London. E.C.2.
REVENUE ACCOUNT FOR THE
Salaries and Allowances
Travel and Entertainment
General Oflice Expenses
Rates, Lighting. Heating Income Tax
Maintenance and Cleaning
Publications— Free Issues
Interest on Overdraft
Balance being Surplus for Year
f s. d.
7206 11 4
251 18 9
84 8 8
514 7 6
255 3 7
831 13 3
504 5 7
451 16 9
117 4 3
9914 3 11
956 2 4
1659 11 8
227 19 3
103 14 6
£12861 11 8
79th annual report
AT 30th JUNE, 1962
Bernard Shaw"s Gift Fund (not valued)
Balance at 1st July, 1961
2082 9 8
Deduct: Excess of Income over Expenditure 103 14 6
4862 8 2
1978 15 2
£7255 1 8
30th June. 1962. with the books and vouchers. We have obtained all the informa-
set forth is properly drawn up so as to exhibit a true and correct view of the
explanations given to us and as shown by the Society's books.
PEGG, ROBERTSON & CO.,
YEAR ENDED 30th JUNE, 1962
General and Spec
Local Societies Committee
£ s. d. £ s. d.
5051 4 10
2581 5 11
1 11 6
5832 17 5
42 19 3
1877 9 5
£12861 11 8
MEMBERS OF MAIN COMMITTEES
(As at 30th June, 1962)
Finance and General Purposes Committee
John Diamond (Chairman), Dr. Brian Abel-Smith. A. Wedgwood Benn.
Mrs. Margaret Cole. Lord Faringdon, H. D. Hughes, Reginald Prentice. M.P.,
W. T. Rodgers. M.P., Arthur Skeffington, M.P., Mrs. Mary Stewart.
Home Research Committee
H. D. Hughes (Chairman), Dr. Brian Abel-.Smith. Austen Albu. M.P..
Dr. Thomas Balogh. Denis Bell. H. J. Boyden. M.P.. Tyrrell Burgess. Mrs.
Margaret Cole, D. V. Donnison. Richard Evely. Lord Faringdon. Dr. Peter Hall.
John Hughes, Mrs. Anne Jackson. Mrs. Peggy Jay. James MacCoU. M.P.. D. L.
Munby. Lionel Murray, Robert Neild. Richard Pryke. Tony Rees. R. D. V.
Roberts. J. R. Sargent. Michael Shanks. Peter Shore. Mrs. Mary .Stewart. Peter
Townsend, John Vaizey.
Commonwealth Bureau Committee
Rt. Hon. A. Creech Jones. M.P. (Chairman). Dennis Austin. Dr. Thomas
Balogh, T. F. Betts, David Blelloch. Rt. Hon. John Dugdale. M.P..i Lord
Faringdon, John Hatch. Stephen Hatch. Denis Healey, M.P.. Dr. Rita Hinden.
Catherine Hoskyns, Carol Johnson, M.P.. James Johnson, P. J. N. Mugerwa.
Marjorie Nicholson, Hella Pick, Lady Selwyn-Clarke. Derrick Sington, R. VV.
Sorensen. M.P.. George Thomson, M.P., Eirene White, M.P.. Elaine Windrich.
Internationa! Bureau Committee
Anthony Wedgwood Benn (Chairman). Richard Bone. Ian Campbell. David
Ennals, Lord Faringdon. Denis Healey, M.P.. Colin Jackson. T. E. M.
McKitterick. Derrick Sington, Hugh Thomas. George Thomson. M.P.. Eric Wolff.
Richard WoUheim. Wayland Young. Rt. Hon. Kenneth Younger.
Local Societies Committee
Arthur Skeffington. M.P. (Chairman). George Thomson. M.P.. H. J. Boyden.
M.P. (Vice-Chairmen). Mrs. Margaret Cole, Mrs. Peggy Crane. Dr. John Dore.
Stewart Greenstreet. John Greve. Colin Jackson. Mrs. -Svbil Jeger. James John-
son, J. P. M. Millar. Leif Mills. Gabriel Newfield. R. C. Prentice. M.P.. W. T.
Rodgers, M.P., David Steele. Mrs. Mary Stewart. John Taylor, and Regional
and Area representatives.
Reg. Prentice, M.P. (Chairman). Penelope Balchin. Gordon Borrie, Michael
Fores. Anne Glennerster. Stuart Green. Mrs. .Sybil Jeger. Lisl Klein, Alison
Lough, Duncan Smith. George Thomson. M.P.. Philip Thurman. Nigel Weaver.
79th annual report 27
HONORARY SECRETARIES OF REGIONAL AND AREA COMMITTEES
OF LOCAL FABIAN SOCIETIES
(As at 30th September, 1962)
Scotland: Miss Jenny Auld, 72. Somerville Drive, East Kilbride, Glasgow.
Northern: Mr. Colin Gray, 8, Gretton Place, Newcastle-on-Tyne, 7.
Yorkshire: Mrs. W. B. Walker, 6, Heath Villas. Halifax, Yorkshire.
West Midlands: Mr. C. W. Campling, 14a, Lillington Avenue, Leamington Spa,
East Midlands: Mrs. B. N. Baxter, 46, Caledon Road, Sherwood, Nottmgham.
South Wales: Miss Gwyneth Morgan, J.P., 27, Morlais Street, Roath Park.
South-West : Mrs. B. Sacof, 24, Ormerod Road, Bristol, 9.
Surrey: Mrs. Betty Vernon, 88, Benhill Wood Road, Sutton, Surrey.
KEt-n-: Mr. K. W.' May, 214, High Street, Tonbridge, Kent.
London : Mr. Andrew Campbell, 56, Belsize Park. N.W.3.
HONORARY SECRETARIES OF LOCAL FABLVN SOCIETIES
(As at 30th September, 1962)
Aberdeen: Mr. Andrew Robertson, 54. Devonshire Road, Aberdeen.
Bangor: Mr. R. Thomas, Tanygraig, Newton Road, Llanberis. Caerns.
Bath: Mr. L. Hornblower, 29, Forester Avenue, Bath.
Bexley: Mr. A. L. Fisher, 114, Riefield Road, Eltham, S.E.9.
Birmingham: Mrs. M. Jenkinson, 31. Ashfield Avenue, Kings Heath, Birming-
ham, 14. . ,
Bishops Stortford: Mrs. J. M. Ditchfield. 27, Ward Crescent, Bishops Stort-
Bolton: Mr. E. Stebbing. 5, Ducie Avenue, Bolton, Lanes.
Bradford: Mr. Roger Price, 10, Dracup Road, Great Horton, Bradford. 7.
Braintree: Mr. P. Baldock, 91, Church Lane, Bocking, Braintree, Essex.
Brighton: Mr. Glyn Jones. 1, Charlotte Street, Brighton, 7.
Bristol: Mrs. Jeannette Britton, 17, Westbury Park, Durdham Down. Bristol, 6.
Bromley: Dr. V. Udall, 16, Warren Avenue, Bromley, Kent.
Cardiff: Miss D. Edwards. 65, Richmond Road, Cardiff.
Central London: Mr. L. T. Sieve, 19, Old Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, W.C.2.
Cheltenham: Miss E. V. Engvall, 9, Montpellier Parade, Cheltenham, Glos.
Chesterfield : Mr. D. Webster. Labour Party Office, Broad Pavement, Chester-
Clapham : Mrs. M. McKay, 6, Seymour House, Albion Avenue, S.W.8.
Coventry: Mr. P. R. Jones, 26, Rosslyn Avenue, Coventry.
Crawley: Mr. D. J. Davison, 19, Burns Road, Pound Hill, Crawley, Sussex.
Croydon : Miss P. Bloomfield, 3, Theobald Road, West Croydon.
Darlington: Mr. J. R. Cherry, 166. West Auckland Road. Darlington, Co.
Derby: Mrs. B. Guthrie, 144, Manor Road, Derby.
Dundee: Mr. K. R. Hutchings, 15, Elgin Street, Dundee.
Durham: Mr J. Colin Hall, 1, Neville's Cross Villas, Durham City.
Eastbourne: Miss Mary McKimmie, 54, King's Drive, Eastbourne.
East Kilbride: Miss Jennie Auld, 72, Somerville Drive, East Kilbride, Glasgow.
East London: Mr. J. Reardon, 5, Charles Booth House. El.
Edinburgh: Mr. Ian H. Simpson, 427, Queensferry Road, Edinburgh.
Epsom: Mrs. M. Paskell, 107, Hookfield, Epsom, Surrey.
Frome- Mr H. D. Smart. Karenza. Beechwood Avenue, Frome, Somerset.
28 FABIAN SOCIETY
FULHAM AND' HAMMERSMITH: Mr. C. H. Cohen. Studio 8, 412, Fulham Road,
Glasgow: Mr. J. Craigen, 11, Millwood Street, Glasgow, S.l.
Gloucester: Mr. F. B. Wilton, J. P., 4, Tuffley Lane, Gloucester.
Greenock: Mr. Allan MacNicol, 40, Denholm Street, Greenock.
Grimsby: Mr. and Mrs. J. Franklin, 10, Marklew Avenue, Grimsby.
Halifax: Mr. P. D. Carr, 194, Keighley Road, lUingworth, Halifax, Yorks.
Hartlepools: Cllr. R. Waller. 21, Crimdon Street, West Hartlenool.
Huddersfield: Mrs. C. Thackray, Greenwoods. Reaphirst Road, Birkby, Hud-
Kilmarnock: Dr. J. Shanks, 34, Portland Road, Kilmarnock.
Leeds: Miss M. Brett, la, AUerton Park, Leeds, 7.
Lincoln: Mr. G. W. Wood, 28, Drake Street, Lincoln.
Liverpool: Mrs. H. Davidson, 45, Beaconsfleld Road, Liverpool. 25.
Maidstone: Mr. H. G. Alexander, Tower House, Staplehurst, Tonbridge, Kent.
Malden: Dr. W. McCartney. 89, Arundel Road, Kingston-on-Thames, Surrey.
Manchester : Mr. Tony Abrams, " Rivendell," Ley Lane, Marple Bridge, Stock-
Meopham: Mrs. Joan Wood, Oast Hatch, Harvel. Nr. Gravesend, Kent.
North Berks. : Mr. R. Lang, Icknield Way House, A.E.R.E., Harwell, nr. Didcot.
North London: Mrs. Celia Gordon. 3, Lewis Flats, Amhurst Park, N.16.
North-West Middlesex: Mr. C. B. King, The Heights, Northolt Park. Green-
Norwich: Mr. E. Hartley, 17, Stanley Avenue, Norwich.
Nottingham: Mrs. R. Steele, 22, Selston Drive, WoUaton Park, Nottingham.
Oxford: Mr. K. Holly, Cader, Abingdon Road, Dorchester-on-Thames, Oxon.
Peterlee: Mr. F. Alderson, 1, Cranford Terrace, Easington Colliery, Easington.
Preston : Mrs. Littlefair, 28, Sheffield Drive, Lea, Preston.
Redhill: Mr. S. Smith, 67, Colman Way, Redhill, Surrey.
RuSKiN College: Mr. P. Potts, Ruskin College Hostel, The Rookery, Dunstan
Road, Old Headington, Oxford.
Salisbury: Mrs. A. Leonard, 5. Crane Bridge Road, Salisbury, Wilts.
Sheffield: Miss Ivy Evison, 220, Carterknowle Road, Sheffield, 7.
Slough : Mr. F. C. Evenett, 229f, High Street, Slough, Bucks.
Southampton: Mr. W. A. Steam, 46, Wilton Crescent, Shirley, Southampton.
Stafford: Mr. R. E. Mole, 291, Eccleshall Roid, Stafford.
Stevenage : Mr. R. W. Bayley, 3, Keymsv/ell Road. Bandley Hill, Stevenage.
Stockport: Mr. K. N. Jeffery, 7, Central Drive. Bramhall. Cheshire.
Sunderland: Mr. G. W. Gardiner, 41, Westcliffe Road, Seaburn, Sunderland.
Sutton: Mrs. Betty Vernon, 88, Benhill Wood Road, Sutton, Surrey.
Swansea: Mrs. M. Jones, The Labour Hall. High Street, Swansea.
Streatham : Mrs. B. Vcrden, 62 Downton Avenue, S.W.2.
South-East Essex: Mr. T. P. Quinlan. 16, Westcliff Drive, Leigh-on-Sea, Essex.
South-East Lonix)n: Mr. Efic Richards, 164, Lee High Road, S.E.I 3.
Fees-side: Mrs. M. McMillan, The Haven, 37. Sycamore Road. Linthorpc.
Tyneside : Mr. C. Gray, 8, Gretton Place, Newcast'e-upon-Tyne, 7.
University of London: Mr. B. Dutton, c/o Spanish Dept., Birkbcck College.
Malet Street, W.C.I.
Walthamstow : Miss D. Wyld, 24, Bisterne Avenue. Walthamstow, E.17.
Watford: Mrs. C. Dore, 7. Eastbury Road, Oxhcy, Herts.
Wigan : Mr. C. Brown, Granary House. 17, Springpool, Winstanlcy, Nr. Wigan.
Woking: Mrs. E. M. Ekserdjian, Knapwood House, Knaphill, Woking. Surrey.
Wolverhampton: Mrs. O. Tragcn, 105, Yewtree Lane, The Wergs, Wolver-
Wrexham : Mrs. K. Davies, Delfryn, Stryt Las, Rhos, Nr. Wrexham.
York: Mr. Raymond Fairey, 10, llastingham Terrace, New Walk, Fulford Road,
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